The hemp seed is a fruit. Hemp seeds are inherently nutritious for both humans and animals. Hemp seeds are composed of 25% protein, 30% carbohydrates and 15% insoluble fiber. The hemp seed contains calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin A, folate, thiamine, Vitamin B6, riboflavin (Vit B2), and niacin (Vitaming B3). Hemp seeds are high in protein. Hemp seed protein consists of 65% edestin and 35% albumin. Hemp seeds are gluten and lactose free.
Hemp seeds can be eaten whole or de-shelled. Hemp seeds can be milled into hemp protein powder. Hemp seeds are commonly used as a topping on salad, to make into burgers, tea, hemp milk, and other food dishes. Hemp powder can be used to replace up to 25% of traditional flour called for in baking recipes. Hemp seeds are consumed daily, all over the world, including in the U.S.
Hemp seed oil
Hemp seed oil is pressed from hemp seed. Unrefined hemp oil maintains its green color. Purified or refined hemp seed oil is clear and colorless.
Hemp seed oil provides Omega 3 Stearidonic acid (SDA) and Omega 6 Gamma-linolenic acid(GLA), two essential fatty acids (EFAs) in a near perfect 3:1 ratio. Omega 3 EFA is found in only a few food sources, such as fatty fish and flax oil (and of course, hemp!) EFAs are necessary for maintaining healthy body function. Hemp seed oil is also very low in saturated fats and free fatty acids.
How is hemp oil made?
Hemp oil is extracted from the hemp seeds by means of a press. Typically a cold press is used. The press consists of a slowly rotating worm-shaft that squeezes out the majority of the oil and separates off the remaining seed matter known as the seed cake. The whole process is done in an oxygen-free environment in order to reduce oxidation.
How can I use hemp oil?
Hemp seed oil is often used in salad dressings or mayonnaise. Some individuals take hemp oil daily as a nutritional supplement in liquid or capsule form. Hemp oil should NOT be used for frying or cooking.
Refined hemp seed oil is primarily used in body care products (shampoo, conditioner, lotions, soaps, lip balm). Industrial hemp seed oil can also be used to produce paints, sealants, and biodiesel.